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Symptoms , Reasons & Prevention

There have been researches and studies to find out the symptoms and causes of gum disease. The signs and symptoms were firmly established during the time of 19th century. The symptoms of gum disease may vary according to the severity of the infection. But, the common symptoms include pain and bad breath may remain the same. Other symptoms may include:

  • Swelling of the gums
  • Redness in gums
  • Gum bleeding and tenderness
  • Loose teeth
  • Gum recession and
  • Teeth sensitivity

Researchers have found ‘Plaque’ as the main cause of gum infection. Bacteria are common that can be seen inside the mouth of every person. Accumulation of bacteria in the mouth along with mucus and other food particles leads to develop a colorless and sticky element that is called ‘plaque’. Daily brushing and flossing can remove plaque. When it is not cleaned properly, it becomes harder and form ‘tartar’. It cannot be cleaned by brushing and flossing. Tartar paves way for periodontal diseases. It requires professional treatment to remove tarter from the tooth. Main reason for the infection is improper oral hygiene.

Preventing oral health is simple and it does not require much efforts. Good oral hygiene and healthy oral habits can help you in preventing periodontal disease. Healthy oral habits may include brushing twice a day and flossing. Other preventive measures may include:

  • Healthy diet
  • Avoid smoking
  • Fluoride treatments
  • Proper dental checkups etc.

Diet plays an important role in preventing and developing bacteria. Best diet with low level usage of sugary items may help in reducing the growth of bacteria inside the mouth. Sugary food items like chocolates and snacks may enhance the growth of bacteria inside the mouth. It is important to keep a balanced diet to prevent the growth and development of plaque.

Smoking can cause chronic gum disease. Certain studies have found that, most of the cases of periodontal disease are caused due to smoking. Avoid smoking is one of the best way to keep the tooth healthy. Fluoride treatments can be a solution for tooth infection and decay among children.

Periodontal disease develops silently inside the mouth. It may not show any notable signs or symptoms at the primary level. Proper dental check-ups can help a person to find it from the beginning stage. It is better to have dental check-ups at least once or twice a year. It is not only recommended for periodontal disease, but for the whole dental health.

Authored By Dr. Vinamra Dhariwal - Dentist, Chennai

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